Earth and space science
This is the exciting exploration of the Earth's surface, interior, oceans, atmosphere and everything in outer space. People who specialise in this type of science get to climb dangerous volcanoes, measure the violence of earthquakes, dive to the bottom of the ocean and fly into outer space! There are lots of mysteries about our planet and about space, but it’s these scientists who are helping us find out more and more every day.
This is the study of stuff. Almost everything you use every day, from the plate you eat off to the shoes on your feet and the TV that you watch, is made up of different kinds of stuff. Learning how this stuff is put together, how it’s used and how it can be changed to do its job better is what material science is all about.
This is the study of all living things, from teeny-tiny amoebas (say a-me-bas) to enormous elephants and everything in between. Living things are made up of smaller living things called cells. Living inside these cells is the genetic make-up that determines who and what you are, who your cat is, and what the worm in the garden is. It decides eye colour, the way you smile, everything!
This is the study of non-living systems. It’s very important because science helps us understand the world around us and how we live in it. It answers questions like “How can you stop a banana turning brown?” or “Why do leaves turn orange in autumn?”. Physical science is all around us and helps us understand the world better.