1. A plastic bottle left in the park after a picnic is a danger to animals. They might eat part of the plastic, or curious rodents might crawl inside and get stuck.
2. Let’s say you pick up the plastic bottle and throw it in the bin. From there, it gets thrown into a rubbish truck and makes its way to a landfill, where it can take hundreds of years to decompose (this means break down).
3. Litter often ends up in the oceans. For example, a plastic bottle washed down a river ends up in the ocean. This is bad because it can get eaten by sea creatures and harm marine life.
In the North Pacific Ocean, there are enormous patches of floating rubbish, making up tons and tons of litter – no one knows the exact amount because there’s so much! Called the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, this area is growing bigger all the time and is harming the ocean and its creatures.
It’s a rubbish dump that’s dug into or built on top of the ground. It has a liner to stop toxins leaking into the surrounding soil, but sometimes the liners tear. Tons of rubbish are dumped into the landfill until it’s full, and then it’s covered up. A landfill is designed to keep rubbish away from underground water and the air.