Hold off on the poisonous bug spray – these busy little insects are turning and enriching the soil. They help to keep nature in balance by controlling insect pests and spider populations, as well as eating the rotting carcasses of small mammals.
Earthworms eat dead and decaying plants, mostly leaves but also tiny roots. They keep the soil healthy so plants can grow and like damp soil (but not too wet) with plenty of tasty compost.
Bees collect pollen and nectar from flowers. Pollen is used as protein and nectar is used for energy. Bees travel from one flower to another, fertilising plants by spreading pollen that sticks to their bodies.
A healthy garden starts with the soil. It’s more than just sand; it’s a collection of nutrients and particles that feed the plants, and home to loads of microorganisms. To be healthy, soil needs a balanced mix of water, air, nutrients and organic matter. Autumn leaves are a great source of organic matter, so use a spade to dig these into the soil.